The History of Veganism in Mexico

March 23, 2023

history of veganism in mexico

Veganism, a lifestyle that avoids the consumption of animal products and promotes a plant-based diet, has gained momentum worldwide in recent years. As the movement grows, it's essential to understand its roots and history in various regions. This article will delve into the fascinating history of veganism in Mexico, a country with a rich culinary heritage that is now embracing this compassionate and eco-friendly lifestyle. We will explore the role of plant-based diets in pre-Columbian Mexico, the impact of Spanish colonization, the rise of modern veganism, and the challenges and prospects of the movement.

Pre-Columbian Mexico and Plant-Based Diets

Long before the arrival of Europeans, the indigenous peoples of Mexico had a diet primarily centered around plant-based foods. Staple crops like corn, beans, and squash, known as "The Three Sisters," formed the basis of their sustenance. These crops complemented each other both nutritionally and agriculturally, creating a sustainable and nourishing food system.

Other nutritious plants, such as amaranth, chia, and nopales (prickly pear cactus), were also integral to their diets. Amaranth, for example, was revered for its protein content and used in religious ceremonies. Animals played a minor role in their culinary practices, often reserved for special occasions or as a secondary food source. Indigenous values emphasized respect for nature and its resources, and their diets reflected this sustainable approach.

Spanish Colonization and the Introduction of Animal Products

The landscape of Mexican cuisine changed dramatically with the arrival of Europeans, who introduced animal-based products such as dairy, pork, and beef. These ingredients became an integral part of Mexican cuisine over time, transforming it into the flavorful fusion we know today. European livestock farming practices also altered how animals were perceived and utilized for food.

Moreover, Catholicism's influence encouraged animal product consumption, especially during religious celebrations. For instance, fasting and abstinence from meat during Lent led to a heightened appreciation for animal-derived foods during other times of the year. This shift in dietary habits marked the beginning of a new culinary era in Mexico.

Modern Veganism in Mexico: Early Beginnings

As global veganism movements began to emerge, Mexico started to experience the early seeds of change. Pioneering Mexican activists and authors began promoting the benefits of a plant-based diet during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. They drew upon the country's pre-Columbian culinary traditions to showcase the potential for a healthier, more sustainable lifestyle.

Vegan restaurants and businesses slowly began to appear, offering alternatives to traditional animal-based products. These trailblazers laid the groundwork for the vegan movement to gain traction in Mexico, overcoming skepticism and cultural resistance.

The Rise of Mexican Veganism in the 21st Century

In recent years, veganism in Mexico has experienced remarkable growth, driven by health concerns, environmental awareness, ethical considerations, and global trends. As the world grapples with climate change, deforestation, and water scarcity, the ecological benefits of a plant-based diet have become more apparent.

Social media has been crucial in promoting veganism, allowing Mexican influencers and activists to share recipes, stories, and resources. As a result, traditional Mexican dishes have been reimagined with vegan ingredients, such as jackfruit carnitas, almond-based cheeses, and plant-based chiles rellenos. Markets now offer an increasing variety of plant-based products, making it easier for individuals to adopt a vegan lifestyle.

Challenges Faced by the Vegan Movement in Mexico

Despite its growth, the vegan movement in Mexico still faces several challenges. Cultural resistance to veganism is one obstacle, as many view it as a departure from tradition or a foreign concept. Convincing people to reconsider deeply ingrained culinary practices and the importance of meat in Mexican cuisine can take time and effort.

Economic barriers can also limit access to vegan products, as some items may be more expensive or harder to find in certain areas. This can be particularly challenging for lower-income individuals and those living in rural communities where plant-based alternatives may be less readily available.

Misconceptions and stereotypes about veganism persist, with some individuals viewing it as an elitist or nutritionally inadequate lifestyle. Education and awareness campaigns are essential to dispel these myths and demonstrate that veganism is accessible and nutritionally sound.

The Future of Veganism in Mexico

Current trends and projections indicate that veganism in Mexico will continue to grow, with potential positive impacts on public health, the environment, and animal welfare. Studies have shown that plant-based diets can lower the risk of chronic diseases such as obesity, heart disease, and diabetes, which are prevalent in Mexico.

Government and non-governmental organizations can play a vital role in promoting veganism through education, policy, and support for plant-based initiatives. For example, incorporating more plant-based options in school meal programs or incentivizing local farmers to grow sustainable crops could foster a more vegan-friendly environment.


The history of veganism in Mexico is rich and complex, weaving together pre-Columbian traditions, colonial influences, and contemporary global movements. As Mexico continues to embrace veganism, it's essential to recognize the value of this compassionate lifestyle and its potential to enrich the country's vibrant cultural heritage. By doing so, we can appreciate the roots of veganism in Mexico while looking forward to a more sustainable and kinder future. Together, we can work towards a world where plant-based diets are accepted and celebrated as a vital part of our shared culinary history.